Aplastic anemia is a condition where the body fails to produce new blood cells. Aplastic anemia is a rare condition that can be found in people of any age. The symptoms of aplastic anemic include, fatigue, high rate of infections and uncontrolled bleeding. The common treatments for aplastic anemia include medications, blood transfusions and stem cell transplant. CAUSES When the bone marrow is damaged the production of new blood cells is halted. Bone marrow is present in the middle of the bones. It is a red colored spongy material that helps in the production of stem cells, which in-turn produce new blood cells (white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets). The diseased condition of bone marrow is described as aplastic (empty) and hypoplastic (very few blood cells). The bone marrow is injured or destroyed due to several factors like exposure to radiation, undergoing chemotherapy treatments, exposure to toxic chemicals, autoimmune disorders, viral infections (hepatitis, Epstein-Barr, cytomegalovirus, parvovirus B19 and HIV), and pregnancy.