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MEDizzy is the world’s fastest growing medical learning community. Together with our network of partners we educate over 10 million now and future healthcare professionals.We provide an innovative technology designed to enable quick and easy access to the latest medical knowledge. We offer unique medical learning experience appreciated by HCPs from over 120 countries.

Browse Latest MCQ Questions

Browse through thousands of multiple-choice question quizzes and expand your knowledge! MCQs are a great way to prepare for your incoming exams!
Mix Questions II
Which approach gives the most support to parents grieving over a terminally ill newborn?
Explanation
ExplanationSupport to grieving families varies with the needs of the family. General guidelines in support of grieving families are to deal openly with their feelings and accept the family ’ s grief response. Do not avoid them and avoid judgmental or rationalizing statements. Focus on their feelings. Provide referral to selfhelp groups or professional help if appropriate.
Mix Questions II
A 14-year-old sustained a grade III concussion while playing football. Which statement made by the parents indicates that further education is needed?
Explanation
ExplanationShort-term memory loss is a frequent side effect of concussions. Until effects of the concussion have subsided and the child is cleared by a physician, the child should not take school tests that often rely on short-term memory.
Mix Questions II
Parents of a child with generalized seizures ask the nurse for information to give their child ’ s teachers. Which of the following should be included?
Explanation
ExplanationIf a child has seizure activity at school, the parent should be called as soon as possible .
Mix Questions II
During the nurse ’ s assessment, a child begins to have a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. The drug of choice and method of administration the nurse expects the health-care provider (HCP) to order are which of the following?
Explanation
ExplanationThese continue to be the drugs of choice for in-hospital management of tonic-clonic activity. These are the recommended methods of administration; diazepam compromises intravenous tubing.
Mix Questions II
Which should the nurse teach the parent of a child with suspected meningitis?
Explanation
ExplanationImmediate antibiotic therapy is necessary to prevent death and avoid disabilities.
Mix Questions II
Which is/are the most common, nonlethal complication(s) occurring from meningitis?
Explanation
ExplanationIf infection extends into the area of the cranial nerves, increased pressure may cause sensory deficits.
Mix Questions II
An adolescent is complaining of knees swelling and hurting, hands and feet being cold all the time, frequent headaches, and a red rash on the cheeks and nose. Which does the nurse suspect?
Explanation
ExplanationButterfl y rash, arthritic symptoms, Raynaud phenomenon (cold hands and feet), and headaches, when all are seen together, are indicative of systemic lupus erythematosus.
Mix Questions II
While assisting with a lumbar puncture procedure on an infant or small child, the nurse should do which of the following?
Explanation
ExplanationAirway, breathing, and circulation are always the priority during procedures.
Mix Questions II
The parents of an infant with hydrocephalus ask about future activities in which their child can participate in school and as an adolescent. The nurse should tell the parents which of the following is appropriate?
Explanation
ExplanationThe risk of shunt breakage or obstruction is extremely low.
Mix Questions II
Which is immediate postoperative care for shunt placement in an infant diagnosed with hydrocephalus?
Explanation
ExplanationPosition the head on the side opposite the surgical site to prevent pressure on the shunt and valve. This provides better visibility to watch for signs of bleeding or infection.
Mix Questions II
A newborn with suspected hydrocephalus is transferred to the intensive care unit for further evaluation and treatment. The infant ’ s nurse knows which of the following?
Explanation
ExplanationThese may interfere with surgery and shunt placement.
Mix Questions II
Which are early signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus in infants?
Explanation
ExplanationPreviously undiagnosed, one of the first signs of hydrocephalus is a bulging fontanel, followed by irritability, poor feeding, and overall rapid head growth.
Mix Questions II
Parents of a 2-year-old with Down syndrome are told the child should be screened for atlantoaxial instability. The nurse tells the parents that which of the following are symptoms of this instability?
Explanation
Explanation Atlantoaxial instability is ligamentous laxity of the atlantoaxial joint. The symptoms of neck pain, torticollis, and loss of bowel and bladder control indicate that instability is already present. The purpose of the x-rays is to prevent symptoms by limiting activities if instability is present.
Mix Questions II
The parents of a 19-year-old ask the nurse what they should do in terms of longterm care placement for their severely disabled child. Which is the nurse ’ s best response?
Explanation
ExplanationIt is always best to ask the parents what plan of care has already been instituted.
Mix Questions II
The nurse is caring for a child dying from leukemia. The parents want to know how comfortable the nurse is in giving doses of pain medication that are larger than customary. Which ethical principle of care are the parents asking about?
Explanation
ExplanationThe ethical principle of double effect states that an action has good intentions and that a bad intention is permissible if the action itself is good or neutral, the good effect must not be produced by the bad effect, and there is a compelling reason to allow the bad effect to occur if the good effect is the primary reason for the action. The child may require doses of pain relievers higher than is considered safe in order to relieve the pain. If the child dies during this treatment, the overwhelming reason for the excess medication was to make the child comfortable and decrease the intense pain.
Mix Questions II
Which is the nurse ’ s best approach to teach high school students about smoking prevention?
Explanation
ExplanationIt is always best to focus on prevention of smoking and take a positive approach to how a teen might resist smoking. Peer support groups work well in redefi ning the teens ’peer groups and give them tactics to use against smoking.
Mix Questions II
A child is taking haloperidol (Haldol) for schizophrenia, and the family has been instructed to watch for extrapyramidal side effects. Which are characteristic of these side effects?
Explanation
ExplanationExtrapyramidal symptoms are motor neuron responses that go from the brain to the spinal cord and present as tics, jerkiness, incoordination, and loss of involuntary muscle control.
Mix Questions II
A child in a classroom is disruptive with loud talking, has a short attention span, and has difficulty organizing work. Which is the most likely diagnosis for this child?
Explanation
ExplanationThe most likely diagnosis is attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder because the child has the classic symptoms.
Mix Questions II
Three preschool children and their foreign-born parents come to a homeless shelter. The family has been homeless for 3 months. The children appear somewhat unkempt but nourished. One of the children has several enlarged cervical lymph nodes and is running a low-grade fever. Which chronic infectious illness should be suspected in the child?
Explanation
ExplanationThe chronic infectious illness for which this child is at risk is tuberculosis. The disease may present as asymptomatic or include fever, enlarged lymph nodes, anorexia, weight loss, night sweats, and, occasionally, hemoptysis. It is recommended that Mantoux skin tests be performed annually for at-risk populations such as the homeless, fi rst generation immigrants, and residents of correctional facilities.
Mix Questions II
An 11-month-old was born at 28 weeks ’gestation and required 2 weeks of ventilation. The baby is currently well and is being seen in the clinic. The physician recommends that the baby receive preventive therapy for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) for the next 5 months since winter is approaching. Which medication will be ordered?
Explanation
ExplanationThe American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants born before 32 weeks ’gestation and younger than 2 years who have chronic lung disease should receive palivizumab (Synagis) monthly as a prophylactic to prevent respiratory syncytial virus during the winter months.
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