Here's a picture depicting a human brain with severe bacterial meningitis.
Bacterial meningitis is a bacterial infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord).
Effects and symptoms:
Permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities), nausea, headach and fever can result from the infection.
Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be a deadly disease. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis.
There are several types of bacteria that can cause meningitis. They include the following bacteria;
* Streptococcus pneumoniae
* Group B Streptococcus
* Neisseria meningitidis
* Haemophilus influenzae
* Listeria monocytogenes
Doctors treat bacterial meningitis with a number of antibiotics. ie;
A class of antibiotics called cephalosporins, especially Claforan (cefotaxime) and Rocephin (ceftriaxone).
Various penicillin-type antibiotics, aminoglycoside drugs such as gentamicin etc are also used.