Medicogram
Medicogram
in General
Bacterial Meningitis

Bacterial Meningitis

Here's a picture depicting a human brain with severe bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is a bacterial infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord). Effects and symptoms: Permanent disabilities (such as brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities), nausea, headach and fever can result from the infection. Bacterial meningitis is very serious and can be a deadly disease. Death can occur in as little as a few hours. Most people recover from meningitis. Causes: There are several types of bacteria that can cause meningitis. They include the following bacteria; * Streptococcus pneumoniae * Group B Streptococcus * Neisseria meningitidis * Haemophilus influenzae * Listeria monocytogenes Treatment: Doctors treat bacterial meningitis with a number of antibiotics. ie; A class of antibiotics called cephalosporins, especially Claforan (cefotaxime) and Rocephin (ceftriaxone). Various penicillin-type antibiotics, aminoglycoside drugs such as gentamicin etc are also used.

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