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Doctor Medicine
Doctor Medicine over 1 year ago
๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐จ๐ง๐ข๐œ ๐Š๐ข๐๐ง๐ž๐ฒ ๐ƒ๐ข๐ฌ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž

๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐จ๐ง๐ข๐œ ๐Š๐ข๐๐ง๐ž๐ฒ ๐ƒ๐ข๐ฌ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž

๐‚๐ก๐ซ๐จ๐ง๐ข๐œ ๐Š๐ข๐๐ง๐ž๐ฒ ๐ƒ๐ข๐ฌ๐ž๐š๐ฌ๐ž The kidneys function as blood filters that drain waste products while retaining other valuable blood contents like proteins. If these filters are damaged, they initially may become โ€œleaky,โ€ and substances like proteins can seep from blood into urine. At later stages, these filters slowly shut down and lose their ability to filter. When kidney impairment lasts for more than 3 months, it is calledย chronic kidney disease. This process ultimately results in decreased urine production and kidney failure, with buildup of waste products in the blood and body tissues. One common reason for kidney failure in the United States is diabetes. Sometimes chronic kidney disease is accompanied by high blood pressure, which not only can be caused by kidney damage but also further accelerates kidney injury and is a major reason for the negative effects of chronic kidney disease on other organs, including increased risk of heart disease and stroke, collection of excess body fluids, anemia, weakening of bones, and impairment of the way the body eliminates medications. Diagnosis Chronic kidney disease develops slowly, with few symptoms. It is often not recognized until the disease is advanced. If it is detected early, treatment can slow down or avoid kidney function decline and diminish the negative effects on other body functions. A blood test measuringย glomerular filtration rateย assesses how well the kidneys clear the blood of a waste product calledย creatinine. A value of 60 to 90 may be an early sign of kidney disease; a value below 60 is usually considered abnormal. A test using a urine sample evaluates the presence of protein (albumin) in the urine; repeated results of 30 mg or more can indicate a problem. High blood pressure may also point to underlying chronic kidney disease. . Sources:ย National Kidney Disease Education Program, American Kidney Fund, National Kidney Foundation https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2524193.

Source: https://www.instagram.com/p/BqgcAmuBTVQ/?utm_source=ig_share_sheet&igshid=59c5eyl6a1tz
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Top rated comment
over 1 year ago

Bohot umda information mili aaj humko kidney k bare.m... Issse pehle humko nhi pata tha itna or ye sb

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