MEDizzy
MEDizzy
Iqra
Iqra4 months ago
Treatment of  PPHN

Treatment of PPHN

The goal of treatment is to increase oxygen levels in the blood, open the blood vessels in the lungs, and maintain a normal blood pressure. This is done with oxygen, medicines, and fluids. Your baby may get oxygen by: Nasal cannula: A small tube with prongs is placed in the nostrils and hooked up to oxygen. Continuous Positive Air Pressure (CPAP): This machine gently pushes air or oxygen into the lungs. Ventilator: This machine will breathe for your baby until the baby can breathe on their own. The physician will put a breathing tube down their windpipe. This is called intubation (in-too-BAY-shun). The breathing tube is then hooked up to the ventilator. The ventilator is programmed to give your baby even and regular breaths. High frequency oscillation ventilation: This is a special type of ventilator. It can deliver rapid, short bursts of air through a breathing tube. Medicines and fluids are given by intravenous catheter (IV). A small, flexible tube is put into 1 or 2 of the blood vessels. It is also used to get blood samples. The IV tube is placed in either: The umbilical cord, called an umbilical IV An arm or leg, called a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line). The PICC line goes from the arm or leg and ends in a large blood vessel near the heart. The types of medicines given are: Blood pressure medicine: to keep the blood pressure at the right level Antibiotics: to treat or prevent infection Sedatives: to help your baby rest and stay calm. When the baby is calm, the machines that give him oxygen can work better and he may need to use less. Surfactant: to help the lungs work better. Surfactant allows the lungs to use oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. It is given to the baby through a breathing tube.

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