Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen.
The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia. Anemia is a condition in which your body doesn’t have enough normal, healthy red blood cells. The symptoms of thalassemia can vary. Some of the most common ones include:
bone deformities, especially in the face
delayed growth and development
excessive tiredness and fatigue
yellow or pale skin