Ramsay Hunt syndrome is a rare neurological disorder. It is characterized by rash affecting the ear along with facial nerve paralysis. The causative agent is Varicella-Zoster Virus. Other symptoms of ear disorder such as tinnitus and vertigo may be present. Ramsay Hunter Syndrome is synonymous with herpes zoster oticus.
The patient presents with facial nerve paralysis. It may be unilateral or bilateral. The rash is demonstrated on the pinna and external auditory meatus. Vesicles may be present. Pain is severe. Sensorineural loss may also occur.
The diagnosis of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome is clinical. Treatment involves antiviral agents like acyclovir and famciclovir. Early initiation of treatment ensures a better prognosis. However, few symptoms such as deafness may be permanent.
Image via https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramsay_Hunt_syndrome_type_2