♠The most common type of short-limbed dwarfism.
✓While it's sometimes hereditary, most cases of dwarfism are caused by a genetic mutation. This is why the majority of people with achondroplasia are born to parents of average height.
✓Very rare: Fewer than 100 thousand cases per year (India)
✓Requires a medical diagnosis:=
People with achondroplasia typically have short arms and legs, an enlarged head and an average-sized torso.
✓People may experience:=
★Pain areas: in the back
★Also common: physical deformity, short stature, bow legs, excessive inward curvature of the lower back, short fingers, ear infections, enlarged head, hunched back, misaligned teeth, or snoring
✓Hormones may be taken to increase height. In rare cases, surgery can help correct an abnormal curvature of the spine.