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Cranial Facial Abnormalities

Cranial Facial Abnormalities

A.Bifid Uvula:-Most common cranialfacial abnormality, it has no clinical significance.B.Cleft Palate:-It can be anterior or posterior. Anterior is due to failure of palantine shelves to fuse with primary palate, while Posterior is due to failure of palantine shelves to fuse with nasal septum. It Intefers with feeding, requiring a special nipple for baby to feed. It requires surgical repair.C.Cleft Lip:-It can be bilateral or unilateral. It is due to failure of fusion of maxillary prominences. It does not interfer with feeding. It requires surgical repair.D.Macroglossia:-Congenitally enlarged tounge seen in Down's Syndrome, Gigantism, or Congenital hypothyroidism. It can be acquired in amyloidosis, acromegaly, or glossitis in Vit B deficiency. Treatment is treating the underlying cause.

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